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NFL Retired Players United

Former NFL Player Jeff Nixon keeping former players and fans updated on the issues affecting former AFL and NFL players.

In Partnership With

NFL alumni and player advocates, Marvin Washington and Jeff Nixon, are teaming up with Montel Williams to raise awareness about Traumatic Brain Injury and to explore potential new treatment opportunities for NFL alumni. Montel is also working alongside the U.S. Army to develop T.B.I. treatments for veterans and civilians.

Experimental treatment therapies are investigated for safety and effectiveness through scientific clinical trials. If you, or someone you know has chronic balance issues related to a brain injury obtained through sports, car accidents, military service, trips, slips or falls - they may be eligible to participate in a clinical trial.

The current clinical trial centers are in Orlando, Florida; Portland, Oregon and Montreal, Canada. Eligibility is determined by study staff and compensation is available for qualified participants.

Only the Research Study Staff can fully determine if you qualify to enroll in the study. However, you may qualify if you:

• Are 18-65 years old

• Have experienced a mild or moderate brain injury, over 1 year ago

• Have difficulty with balance

• Are able to walk for at least 20 minutes (with support, if needed)

• Did not lose consciousness for more than 24 hours after your injury, and

• Hospitalized for 7 days or less after injury.

Transportation and hotel costs will be covered by the trial administrators.

Please visit Brain Injury Trials.com, or call 1-877-845-5728 for more information. 

Can football helmets prevent concussions and sub-concussive blows to the head? No! 

I can’t get any more direct than that, although I believe there are some ways that the severity of MTBI (mild traumatic brain injuries) can be reduced.

Before I talk about why I think we can do something about this issue, let’s take a walk down memory lane. For my NFL alumni brothers that are experiencing short-term memory loss, don't worry, this history lesson goes way back to a time before we were even born.

The American public has known for over 100 years that playing football can cause traumatic brain injury. All you have to do is look at the headlines and articles in newspapers and other media back at the turn of the century.

Here’s a sampling – along with my comments under each headline:

1902 Dec. 13– JAMA  [Journal of the American Medical Association] declares that football can causecerebral injuries resulting in insanity,” or “permanent weaknesses” - Atlanta Constitution

Get that! The most respected medical journal in the United States said that concussions not only cause cerebral injuries, but….. INSANITY too! The term for Dementia and Alzhemier’s disease were not coined until 1906, so they didn't know what to call it yet I’m not really sure what “permanent weaknesses” means, but it doesn’t sound good.

1903 July 18 - JAMA: brain injury can“damage hidden and important structures” in victims, leading to “future trouble which is too often irreparable” - Dr. W.H. Earles writes for the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Some might say that the injuries were due to the fact that players were still wearing leather helmets - and to a certain degree that might be true - but that all changed in 1903. Read this headline:

1903 Aug. 13  Spalding opens marketing blitz for its pneumatic” air-cushioned helmet, perfectly timed because of insider help from lead rule maker Walter Camp - the equipment company’s close associate at Yale. Camp has informed Spalding executives about rule maker discussions on helmets for more than a year. Having banned heavy leather equipment, Camp publicly endorses the Spalding helmet as safe and legal while newspapers publish the company’s press releases verbatim. Carlisle coach Pop Warner also benefits from the national publicity, for his leg guard co-marketed with Spalding.

Back in 1978, I was selected to be on the Walter Camp All-American team. I didn’t know much about him, other than the fact that he was called the "Father of American Football" because of all the things he did to modernize the game and promote the game.  Some would say that he has a tarnished legacy, because he abetted and defended the violence of football. According to his biographer Richard P. Borkowski, "Camp was instrumental through writing and lecturing in attaching an almost mythical atmosphere of manliness and heroism to the game not previously known in American team sports".   

We still look at football in a manly and heroic sense. Players have always been revered for their ability to play with pain and injuries. But even though the new Spalding helmet did help to prevent skull fractures, serious cuts and severe bruising to a players head, it still couldn’t overcome Newton’s third law of physics: “An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.” This law is often called "the law of inertia".

So, when a football player rams his head into another player, the brain inside his cranium moves forward and hits the inner portion of his skull. There is not much that anything on the outside of a player’s head can do to stop that inertia that's happening on the inside of a players head. That’s why they call it a law – except that this one can’t be broken or violated. If you think you can break this law then you are dead wrong and should be taken out to the public square and flogged before the masses. Well, maybe that’s a little harsh, but think about it for a moment. Isaac Newton wrote his laws of motion in 1678, so we should have known for over 300 years that helmets cannot prevent the sub-concussive blows that just about all athletes in contact sports experience.

When Walter Camp said helmets were safe and legal, it was just the beginning of the problem we see to this very day. We began to think that putting a helmet on our head could prevent not only outside injuries of the head – but inside injuries of the brain, as well.

When the first concussion lawsuits were filed against the NFL, all of them talked about the NFL’s alleged attempt to hide the fact that concussions could lead to long term brain damage. But as you can see from the headlines, we have known this for a long time. Many of the lawsuits also named Riddell (Easton-Bell) and the helmets they sell - as a contributing factor to the problem.

People in the helmet producing and the concussion prevention/reduction industry are still claiming that their helmets and their skull caps and their double layer outer shells and their suspension, air, water or other liquid filled inner shells can prevent MTBI. But it all runs counter to the laws of physics.

Mark Kelso, a safety for the Bills from 1986 to 1993, wore an outer-padded helmet as a starter in four Super Bowls and finished with 30 career NFL interceptions.

There are ways to reduce concussions, but the helmets players would have to wear would be a lot bigger than what you see in today’s game. So big, in fact that they couldn’t run with them because they would look like human bobble heads – unable to keep them balanced on their heads. 

Let's continue with the headlines:

1903 Sept. 29  Newspaper Sporting sections are replete with reports of football ramming and TBI casualties, especially on elite teams of intense coverage like Yale and Harvard… competent doctors can diagnose concussive conditions through known symptoms, but prognosis and proper treatment remain largely unknown; conservative medicine calls for rest…more doctors are side-lining football players, such as this case at the University of North Carolina: “Capt. [H.M.] Jones unfortunately is out of the game for at least ten days, on account of a head-on collision in a scrimmage a few days ago” reports The Wilmington Semi-Weekly Messenger

They were talking about TBI over 100 years ago, but prognosis and treatment were still a mystery other than sidelining and resting players. Back then, they were keeping players out of games even longer than they did for NFL players from 1920 up to the 1990’s! For most of us it was smelling salts and how many fingers am I holding up that determined if we went back in to play.

The violence and on-field injuries were getting so bad that in 1905 President Roosevelt stepped into the fray and by many accounts, saved the game of football.  In the article “The President who saved football” by CNN contributor Bob Greene, he writes “Remember, the NFL did not exist -- the college game was the top level of the sport. Harvard's president, Charles W. Eliot, was leading the charge to abolish football, and it began to look as if he and his allies had a chance of doing just that. To give you an idea of just how seriously the get-rid-of-football movement was being taken, the New York Times ran an editorial expressing concern over "Two Curable Evils" in American life: lynchings and football.”

Even after Roosevelt stepped in, look at what started to happen:

1906 Oct. 26 Football is dropped at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, where officials cite poor reform and serious injuries, including a player’s suffering TBI symptoms for weeks following a concussion against Princeton.

1906 Jan. 6 A study by Harvard sports doctors finds “concussions of the brain are frequent” in football, with medical opinion divided regarding permanent disease newspapers report.

They were already talking about the possibility of concussions causing a permanent disease 110 years ago! 

1906 Jan. 13  JAMA editorializes on the Harvard football study by team surgeons Dr. Edward H. Nichols and Dr. Homer B. Smith, published in Boston Medical and Surgical Journal “We may say at once that their conclusions [Nichols-Smith] are entirely against the game as judged from its medical standpoint. They say that the number, severity and permanence of the injuries which are received are very much greater than is generally credited or believed. They consider a large percentage of the injuries unavoidable, and state that constant medical supervision of the game is a necessity and not a luxury… Perhaps the most serious feature of these accidents is the number of concussions reported. Only two games were played in the entire [Harvard] season in which a case of concussion of the brain did not occur.… When a condition like this develops as the result of an injury, the central nervous system has received a very severe shaking up.” Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago

These articles go on and on for years - right up to the present day. So, it's hard to say that the NFL was trying to hide this information from the public and football players. Maybe we didn't know "definitively" or "scientifically" that beating our heads against each other could lead to "Insanity," or dementia or Alzheimer's, but we probably should have known there was a risk based on all media reports.  Now the insurance companies are doing a "risk assessment" and may end up walking away from issuing future policies and coverage from pee wee leagues all the way to the pros.  

It seems like we are back to where we were over 100 years ago when a lot of folks were calling for the elimniation of football - particullarly at the pre-high school levels. We need to get back to the future and solve this problem before it kills the game that millions of americans love to watch and millions love to play. In fact 265 million male and female players (in addition to 5 million referees and officials) make a grand total of 270 million people – or 4% of the world's population – who are actively involved in the game of football.

As sad as this my sound, I predict that we will see more and more high schools start dropping their football programs due to lawsuits. It will become a common occurrence due to the “liability” concerns of administrators at schools - and the taxpayers that fund the schools. The charge will be led by the parents of children who have been injured. This will be especially true after more and more court verdicts are rendered, ordering schools to pay millions of dollars to plaintiffs as a result of poor coaching, no medical supervision, no neurological doctors available for quick diagnosis and treatment, unsafe playing conditions, no baseline testing or concussion protocols, and poor equipment.

The poor equipment is where the helmets also come back into the equation. Helmet makers are being sued left and right…. and in the middle too, where their pocketbooks reside.

Most research has already shown that no helmet can protect a player from sub-concussive blows to the head, so we may see the day when helmet companies like Riddell no longer want to make helmets due to the liability concerns. Like the insurance companies, they have also done a risk assessment  and more of them may decide that the risk is not worth th reward. This would be especially true if Riddell loses the lawsuit that former NFL players have filed against them and their parent company - the Easton Bell Corporation. Even though the NFL ended their exclusive agreement with Riddell in 2013, almost two-thirds of the players still wear that brand. 

It’s hard for me to believe that it has taken over 100 years to really start making significant changes to the game and the gear. Most of the changes came as a result of 5,000 retired NFL players uniting to sue the NFL over   concussion injuries. We are on the verge of finalizing the NFL Concussion Settlement (if players stop blocking it) There is a lot of activity going on to make sure that future players don't run into the same problems we did. Through their Head Health Challenge grants, the NFL has been fast at work trying to save the game by promising to pour $100 million into detection of brain injury, equipment design, evaluation and treatment of MTBI and TBI.

The NFL is also trying to make sure that coaches and younger players understand the best way to tackle and thereby avoid a concussion. It’s called their “Heads Up” program.

Even with all of the money and research being poured into these studies, it still comes down to simple physics. Who knows, maybe someone can find the silver bullet that can counteract the law of inertia. Tethering the helmet to the body to create a more effective shock absorber – similar to what race car drivers have done - could be a promising development and a future modification that will be a mandatory piece of equipment.

I have suggested the mandatory use of “specially designed” mouth guards as one way of reducing the severity of MTBI……but no one seems to be listening. I wrote my first article about specialized mouth guards over 6 years ago.  If we can’t find a better helmet design and other ways to make the game safer, then headlines like this one from 110 years ago will become all too commonplace in today’s newspapers and media websites.

1906 Jan. 15:  Yale families resist football for sons, fearing “brain concussion” and spinal paralysis reports The Brooklyn Daily Eagle

If the helmet disappears from pee wee, Pop Warner, High School, College and the NFL, what happens to the game? Does it disappear too?  Not flag football, which more and more parents are turning to, despite the fact that most fathers that experienced concussions in high school, still don't have a problem with their own son playing football at a young age.  

Here's another safe prediction: NFL Football will continue to exist far into the future. And why? Well, for one thing, the NFL will probably get into the business of designing and producing its own helmets. I’m surprised they haven’t started down that road already – or maybe they have. The research the NFL is currently conducting on helmet materials and design, could be the precursor to their own helmets. After all, lots of companies make their own helmets, including the US Army, so what’s preventing the NFL from doing the same thing? Oh, by the way, the NFL is conducting their helmet research in conjunction with the US ArmyJust a coincidence? I think not.

The other reason the NFL will survive and will be using helmets far into the future is because eventually they will be asking active player’s to waive their right to sue the NFL over future concussion issues. Player's will do this in exchange for the right to play in the NFL, and every helmet they are issued will have a warning notice on it - similar to what the tobacco companies were required to do.  It will read: [Using this product can cause mild or traumatic brain injury and other cognitive impairments]

The NFL has already put players on notice  by saying that playing football can lead to Chronic Traumatic Encephalopothy.

Players will be asked to assume the risk of working in a dangerous profession. Policemen and Firefighters do it every day. It doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be compensated if they get hurt. The NFL has a disability plan and they pay worker’s comp.  For all players that have at least one season in the NFL after 1994, they also have a Neurocognitive Disability Benefit. That is a negotiated benefit that could end in 2020. If active players are smart, they will extend that benefit - because right now it ends when a player reaches the age of 55. Heck, that's when most players first begin to feel the effects of cognitive impairment.   

Let me close by saying that my first contract in the NFL was for $50,000 ($30,000 salary with a $20,000 signing bonus) and my final contract was for $100,000. If I was able to play the game today at the same salary, I would do it in a heartbeat. I loved the game and I will always cherish the excitement of putting on a Buffalo Bills uniform and helmet and coming down that tunnel at Rich Stadium to the roar of 80,000 fans. I suppose it’s the closest thing to being a modern day rock star or Roman Gladiator – except we don’t usually die in the arena – thank goodness.

I wouldn’t change anything about my experience as a pro football player. I knew the price I might have to pay. I had 5 knee surgeries and a total reconstruction of my left knee. But it could have been much worse. Daryl Stingly was paralyzed in 1978 – the year before I entered the League - so I also knew there were some major risks.

I know there are a lot of former players that regret their time playing in the NFL, largely because of the serious injuries and cognitive impairments they are now living with. If I were in their shoes (or wheelchairs), I might feel the same way. But, now that the NFL has decided to settle our lawsuits, I’m hoping that the guys who are suffering the most from the consequences of TBI can get monetary awards as soon as possible. That can't happen until the players that are blocking the Settlement drop their appeals. I know the Settlement can never give them back what they have lost, but in some small way I hope they are comforted by this billion dollar payout that will occur over the next 65 years. 

Newton discovered the laws of inertia….and now we must apply those laws to saving football. Anyone who loves the game and wants to see it survive, needs to continue to promote the game and push for ways to make it safer without turning into touch football. We should "continue in motion with the same speed and in the same direction" until we can find the answers. We can’t be stopped “unless acted upon by an unbalanced force.”

That unbalanced force are the people that would prefer to see football become a thing of the past.

Although he's a big fan, President Obama probably didn’t help football when he said "I would not let my son play pro football," It's important to point out that Obama said pro football.  That's ok, the NFL will never have a shortage of people that want to get paid at least $450,000 a year to play in the NFL. That's as much as the President makes.  

Talking about the concussion issue, Obama was right when he said "At this point, there's a little bit of "caveat emptor", these guys, they know what they're doing. They know what they're buying into. It is no longer a secret.”

Actually, it hasn’t been a secret for over 100 years.

NFL

MTBI was the centerpiece of NFL Concussion Case – not CTE – and that’s why the current appeal will fail.

In the most recent appeal of the NFL Concussion Settlement, filed by 9 former players, they argue that the “centerpiece” of the litigation was the condition known as Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy.  They claim that our “Class Counsel used CTE's scientific infancy against the class members by arguing that, because Plaintiffs could not prevail on a litigated CTE claim since the science was too new, it was fair to release the claims for no consideration (while obtaining consideration for other, more well-defined diseases). In conclusion they say that the District Court and the Court of Appeals Panel then adopted this reasoning without considering the more fundamental implication that, if the claims for CTE would fail for lack of scientific and medical development and understanding, then they do not exist for purposes of Article III.”  

If you didn't know what Article III is, join the crowd. It's legal jargon for addressing whether we had standing to invoke the jurisdiction of the federal court in the first place. It requires that plaintiffs demonstrate three things: injury-in-fact, that the injury in question is fairly traceable to the defendant's challenged action, and that the injury is one that could be redressed by a favorable decision.  

Additionally, a rehearing by the entire Third Circuit Court "en banc" is reserved only for situations where a case involves a new issue of law or is one where the court has not properly understood or stated the law. There is nothing in this case that involved a new issue of law, or any indication that the judges misstated the applicable law. At the end of the day the objectors' complaint is that the court did not apply the law in their favor, which is not grounds to petition for rehearing en banc. 

So now that we have all that legal stuff out of the way, let me explain why I believe the nine players are incorrect on several of the arguments in their appeal.

When former NFL players began to sue the NFL, the main focus of ALL the complaints were centered around the fact that former NFL players were injured as a result of both traumatic and “mild” traumatic brain injuries or MTBI (Mild Traumatic Brain Injury). Cases were being filed all over the U.S. and ultimately around 5,000 lawsuits were consolidated into what is known as a Multi-District Litigation Master Administrative Long Form Complaint

In the Master Complaint, there were 24 introductory statements as to why former players were suing the NFL. The acronym MTBI is used 24 times and the acronym for CTE is not used even once! Altogether, MTBI is referred to 127 times in the full complaint.

According to the complaint:

“This action arises from the pathological and debilitating effects of mild traumatic brain injuries (referenced herein as “MTBI”) caused by the concussive and sub-concussive impacts that have afflicted former professional football players in the NFL. For many decades, evidence has linked repetitive MTBI to long-term neurological problems in many sports, including football. The NFL, as the organizer, marketer, and face of the most popular sport in the United States, in which MTBI is a regular occurrence and in which players are at risk for MTBI, was aware of the evidence and the risks associated with repetitive traumatic brain injuries virtually at the inception, but deliberately ignored and actively concealed the information from the Plaintiffs and all others who participated in organized football at all levels.”

As you can see, there is no mention of CTE in the introduction to the complaint. And why is that important?  There are several reasons, but first and foremost, our lawyers had to establish that players were actually “injured”, which is a requirement of Article III.  Our lawyers couldn’t establish that players had CTE as a specific injury because there was no way to detect CTE in living players.  It could only be diagnosed post-mortem.  Players that died with CTE before the Settlement was approved, did not have an opportunity to get a "qualifying diagnosis" for their cognitive impairment, so our attorneys negotiated a special award for any player that died and had a post-mortem diagnosis of CTE between 2006 and the April 22, 2015.      

The most important thing to know is that, even though CTE is mentioned in the complaint, it was not the “centerpiece”of our litigation and it was not the main reason we sued the NFL!  Nonetheless, there was plenty of evidence, going all the way back to 1928, that supported the fact that players were being injured due to concussive and sub-concussive blows to the head, or MTBI.

The NFL knew that they had to do something about the concussion problem, so they established the MTBI Committee in 1994. The establishment of that Committee was also central to our case and it was mentioned numerous times in our complaint. We alleged that the NFL’s MTBI Committee was established and that after they “voluntarily assumed the duty to investigate, study, and truthfully report the medical risks associated with MTBI in football, the NFL produced industry-funded, biased, and falsified research that claimed that concussive and sub-concussive head impacts in football do not present serious, life-altering risks.”

As with most lawsuits, there are a number of allegations made against defendants (like the ones above). But, proving all of those allegations in a court of law is not an easy thing to do and that’s why Settlements are negotiated and approved by the Courts. Both sides realize it could take years to resolve a case. That, along with the uncertainty of winning or losing, is why you usually keep the bird in hand instead of going for the two in the bush. The issue of Preemption was also looming large, so Judge Brody asked the parties to see if they could come to an agreement before she made her ruling on that key issue. 

In Settlement negotiations, we had to make a compromise over the issue of CTE, due to the fact that scientific evidence was in its infancy.  After months of negotiations, our lawyers realized we would have a very difficult time getting that specific disease covered as a compensable injury for living players. Although, I should note that the Settlement does compensate players for the memory and executive functioning problems that are associated with CTE and will provide awards to players that have level 1.5 or level 2 cognitive impairments – the precursors to Alzheimer’s Disease.

The nine players that have appealed the Settlement said “There are no ripe Article III claims for CTE among living NFL retirees.” They’re correct! No former player has tried to sue the NFL using CTE as the centerpiece of their case. And why is that? Because, if they had used the current scientific evidence on CTE, they would have lost their case so badly they would look like pee wee football players going up against NFL players.

According to the nine players that have appealed the Settlement, we should have waited until the CTE issue was “mature” and had already been litigated in the lower courts. They refer to one case where the District Court said "Fairness may demand that mass torts with few prior verdicts or judgments be litigated first in smaller units even single-plaintiff, single-defendant trials until general causation, typical injuries, and levels of damages become established.”  

If the nine former players have their way, our Class Action Settlement could be thrown out of court and not heard for another five or ten years – when CTE is potentially "ripe" and "mature" for being included in the Settlement. But that’s only if the lower courts were to rule that CTE is a legitimate “injury-in-fact” and that according to Article III, the injury is fairly traceable to the defendant's challenged action.  In other words, we would have to prove that the NFL caused CTE, due to their fraud and negligence. The problem is, the NFL - and no one else for that matter - had ever seen CTE in an NFL player before Dr. Omalu found it in Mike Webster's brain in 2002.  The NFL can't be found negligent for the thousands of players that supposedly had CTE before that 2002 date and that's another reason why MTBI and not CTE was the centerpiece of our complaint.   

Thankfully, we already had research and prior court cases that established that MTBI and concussions lead to serious injuries. Mike Webster’s case is a perfect precedent. He was diagnosed with MTBI way before CTE was found in his autopsy and became a household word.  The good news is, we don't have show the court that we have CTE – only that we suffered from the cognitive impairments associated with ramming our heads into other players.   

Our lawyers could have taken CTE out of our complaint – as the nine players suggest in their filing - and we still would have had a strong case, because MTBI was the “centerpiece” of our litigation. Of course, taking CTE out of our complaint would have weakened our overall case and it would have taken away a key part of our leverage during the negotiation process.

The nine former players go on to say that"Class members who have yet to be diagnosed with a concussion related disease have suffered no injury caused by the NFL, and therefore cannot allege a claim for damages at this time. They lack Article III standing to sue the NFL, and therefore may not be included in a settlement class"

Wow, it sounds like that part of their argument was written directly by the NFL lawyers!  But it's not true. All of the initial lawsuits filed by former players included language that explained how we were currently suffering from the effects of mild traumatic brain injuries and concussions. Some players had more serious injuries than others, but all of us claimed some type of impairment. It could be argued that all former NFL players have some degree of brain damage and  the research shows that our impairments are likely to get worse. Level 1.5 and level 2 dementia, which is included in the monetary awards, is not a specific disease.  It's an overall term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory, or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person's ability to perform everyday activities. 

For the nine former players to suggest that any class member that doesn't already have a "concussion related disease" should not be included in this Settlement is a downright disgrace and I hope the Third Court of Appeals punts that assertion right out of the stadium.     

The nine former players that have appealed to the entire Third Circuit Court are holding up the Settlement, just like the 94 other former players did when they appealed the Settlement. Former players have been delayed and denied - and some have died - while waiting to get compensated under a good Settlement. It's not a perfect one, but it is one that 20,000 other former players have already agreed to. If former players didn't like the Settlement, all they had to do was opt out and continue their lawsuits against the NFL, just like 200 of our alumni brothers did - at great risk to themselves. If the nine players had opted out, they could have filed all the lawsuits they wanted, using CTE as the centerpiece of their litigation. They could have fought to get all the symptoms associated with CTE included in their award for damages.   

I wish it were different. I wish we had conclusive evidence about CTE right now. I wish the science was more advanced. I wish I had a genie from a magic lantern so I could wish for a thousand wishes - and each one would be for former players to get compensated for the injuries allegedly associated with CTE.  But that’s a fantasy……… and so is the Naughty 9's appeal to the entire Third Circuit Court.

It's time to stop all the appeals, put this baby to bed, and let the provisions of the Settlement go into effect. Let's get money into the pockets of former players and in some cases, the families they have left behind. We also need to get the medical monitoring and the education fund implemented as soon as possible. None of that will happen until the appeals have been exhausted. 

To tell you the truth, I'm exhausted from writing about this issue - and I know there are a lot of former players that are exhausted from reading about the concussion litigation and settlement. I can't wait for the day when I can just sit back and look at this in my review mirror. I'm still going to advocate for all the things that former players need - the most important being the bearer of good information that can help former players - help themselves.   

Let me leave you with some good information I found at a blog called the Foggy Shore. The most recent article posted there is entitled: 10 Things I Wish My Doctor Had Told Me About Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). There's some really good advice that many of us can use to help us navigate through the Fog.

Your alumni brother,

Jeff Nixon

      

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